The Queen of England’s Throne

Bible Study #18

History #3

 

This study was prepared and finalized before the passing of Queen Elizabeth II. Although the topic will now become “The King of England’s Throne”, I felt the information is still very relevant. It hasn’t been decided yet when the king’s coronation will be. It’s possible that it will happen next year on June 2nd 2023, which would have been the Queen’s 70th year of reigning.

 

Although Queen Elizabeth II was more than just the queen of England, we will refer to her as Queen Elizabeth. See this link for her full title. Although a queen of ‘England’, she was from Scottish Royal family lineage.

 

Elizabeth was the oldest daughter of King George VI. The Queen's Coronation took place on 2 June 1953 following her accession to the throne on 6 February 1952. For today’s class we will focus on the throne that was used for the coronation ceremony. Many past Kings and Queens of England were crowned on this throne which was originally made for King Edward I, in approx. 1300 AD. (As a side note, it has been used by every Sovereign since 1626, now almost 400 years in continual use.)

 

The throne was made for King Edward l to house a coronation stone that was used from ancient times by kings of Egypt then Ireland and afterwards Scotland, until it was finally taken to London in 1296 AD, by King Edward I. The stone is known as the Stone of Scone, or the Stone of Destiny. ‘Scone’ is the name of the place in Scotland where the Scottish kings were crowned.

 

The stone is located under the seat of the throne. Being an ancient stone that has been used to crown kings and queens for more than 2000 years it has a lot of legend, history and mystery surrounding it.

 

The stone is 65 cm by 40cm by 27cm and it weighs 152kg. On the top of the stone are two iron rings, apparently intended to make transport easier.

 

It is believed to be the stone that Jacob (of the Bible) rested on when God spoke to him in a dream. See Genesis 28:11-18 in this link:

 

That was about 4,000 years ago. Jewish legend says that the stone was used as a pedestal under the Ark of the Covenant in the Jewish Temple. The stone was then apparently brought from Syria to Egypt by King Gathelus. Who appears in the origin and history of the Celtic (and thence Scottish) people.

The stone has passed through various peoples and kings, travelling from the Middle East finally to England, where it has stayed for over 700 years, until it was recently returned to Scotland in a ceremony in November 1996. The stone (or at least a replica) is now on display at the Palace of Scone, in Scotland

Although we may not know if the present stone is the genuine first stone, it is still revered by many people and plays a very symbolic part in the coronation ceremony.

 

Note: The text in the picture of the Stone of Scone, talks about a Princess Teia, in my research and reading, it appears that this ‘legend’ is a controversial story either genuine or  made up in the 19th century, to support the belief that the British crown is descended from King David of the Old Testament.

While it is possible that, through actual descendants of Judah, there may be a connection with king David, it does not seem to be through a Princess Teia, for whom there is no actual historical record in the right time period of history.

Here’s another interesting link relating to the Stone of Scone:

Stone of Scone with flags.jpg